Expected Global Megatrends in the 21st Century

Major economic, demographic, technological and political Mega trends will take place in the next decades and will shape the future and force major shifts in governments and individuals priorities and in our entire way of life. Some of the key Mega trends are listed below:

1)Food, Water and Energy

-Demand for food, water, and energy will grow significantly, fueled by global population growth and expanded middle class consumption.

2) Climate change

-will worsen availability of these critical resources. Precipitation decline in the Middle East, northern and southern Africa, Central Asia, southern Europe and the US Southwest will greatly impact the growth of these regions.

3) Population Displacement

-will happen among many countries due to their inability to supply the basic necessities needed for life without massive external assistance. External assistance will not be readily available due to the exponential increase in demand for precious resources.

4) Shifting Demographic Patterns 

-Aging countries (largely in the western hemisphere) will struggle to maintain living standards due to fiscal pressures attributed to longer life span and exponential cost increase of healthcare services.

5) Rapid urbanization

-will continue in the developing world and demand for skilled and unskilled labor will spur global migration

6) Individual Empowerment

-Individuals and small groups will have greater access to lethal and disruptive technologies enabling them to perpetrate violence on a scale historically monopolized by large states. These technologies will include Precision-Strike weapons, Cyber Attack Instruments, Bio-terror Weaponry, High Performance Computing, and ubiquitous Communications.

-Many of the technology trends powering the global economy do so through individual empowerment thus amplifying the trend

7) Diffusion of Power

-By 2025, Asia will surpass North America and Europe combined in terms of economic and political power based on GDP, population size, military spending and technological investment (Asia-Pacific pivot)

8) Health of the Global Economy

-will be linked to how well developing world does more so than the traditional west

-Enabled by communications technologies, power will shift toward multi-faceted and amorphous networks to influence state actions

These Mega trends will generate a need for developing new technologies in order to maintain a safe and resourceful world. These technology trends will require advances in:

  • Clean water generation and delivery

  • Efficient energy generation and delivery

  • Nano-Science and Nano-Engineering

  • Large Scale Distributed Autonomous Systems (Small swarm UAVs)

  • Transformational Manufacturing (3D Printing)

  • Highly Discriminating Precision Intelligence and assured communication

  • Precision Weapons

  • Human Augmentation and Synthetic Biology






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